How to deal with the challenge of China's machine

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How to deal with the challenge of China's machine tool industry's "accession to the WTO" and build a nest to build a talent gathering war

"accession to the WTO" is an important symbol of China's national economy moving towards the "system integration stage", which plays a great role in promoting the marketization and internationalization of China's economy; China's entry into WTO has provided external impetus for the adjustment of China's economic structure and the upgrading of its industrial structure. However, China's entry into WTO has also brought heavy competitive pressure to Chinese enterprises. Machine tool industry is an industry that provides equipment for the manufacturing industry. It is an equipment industry that has a significant impact on the national economy, comprehensive national strength and national security. It has become an urgent problem for the machine tool industry to deal with the challenge of "entering the WTO" and how to survive and develop in the fierce competition

1 flexibly apply various favorable rules of the WTO to protect China's machine tool industry

the WTO has set many preferential rules for developing countries. While studying and flexibly applying the eight basic principles of non discrimination, free trade, reciprocity or reciprocity, and trade barrier deceleration, We should focus on the application of special preferential treatment for developing countries and exceptions such as customs union and free trade area exceptions that do not implement the above principles under specific conditions. If imported machine tools have a serious impact on the domestic market, the safety valve safeguard clause can be used to restrict imports and protect the machine tool industry

"infant industry protection" is an exception clause of the WTO, which refers to the new industries or industries that have just been established and do not have the competitiveness of the member countries, which are confirmed as infant industries after the review and approval of the WTO. The member countries can implement import restrictions on the products of infant industries by raising tariffs, implementing licenses, temporarily imposing surcharges and other measures

China is a large developing country. In any sense, we should establish and develop our own independent national economic system and industrial system with complete categories. Machine tool industry is the foundation of equipment industry, the foundation of industrial modernization, and an important industry of the national economy, which must be protected. Joining WTO, China's machine tool industry will face the fierce competition in the international market. Therefore, it is an important measure to study the favorable rules of WTO and set up certain barriers to protect itself

the machine tool industry, especially the CNC machine tool industry, should also actively strive to be protected as a juvenile industry. Using the "protection of infant industries" clause to raise tariffs and implement import licenses for 3 to 5 years as a buffer period can greatly reduce the pressure of "WTO entry"

we should also build technical barriers to trade in line with WTO rules to protect the machine tool market of gbt17104 (1) 997 metal tube ring tensile test method:

we should strengthen the formulation of regulations and standards, build technical barriers to trade, and restrict the import of machine tool products. Formulate and implement laws, technical standards and inspection systems that are targeted, restrictive and restrictive to foreign machine tools and parts, and reject substandard products from the country. We will promote and expand the catalogue of imported commodities subject to the safety and quality licensing system, and implement the internationally accepted certification and licensing system for sensitive commodities in the domestic market and the marking system

accelerate the promotion and popularization of ISO9000 system certification, and widely implement the ISO4000 system demonstration and assessment system. Enterprises that have passed the certification in the industry should focus on improving the system documents, taking into account the internal audit, straighten out and strengthen them layer by layer and element by element, ensure the supporting role of the quality system documents, and establish the intellectual property laws and regulations system related to the protection of the machine tool industry as soon as possible. We should actively create conditions so that the favorable provisions of the WTO can be used by us. As a developing country, when formulating technical standards and regulations, China can also enjoy the flexibility not to adopt within a certain range on the premise of international standards, and can require developed countries not to put forward technical standards that are incompatible with China's economic development, capital and trade. To this end, we must step up the research and formulation of the rules of origin, geographical indications and marks, and origin determination standards of machine tool products, and collect all kinds of technical data and intelligence beneficial to our industry, so as to achieve the purpose of building "barriers"

2 reasonably use the legal means of "anti-dumping" to protect China's machine tool market

according to the provisions of the anti-dumping law of the WTO, the same is true of Jinan gold testing friction and wear experimental machine equipment, dumping refers to that a country's products enter the market of the importing country at a price lower than the normal price, and make the established industry in the market of the importing country suffer substantial injury or pose a threat to it, or actually delay the establishment of the imported domestic industry. The value orientation of anti-dumping law is to maintain fair competition and normal trade, and protect the legitimate rights and interests of domestic enterprises. Theoretically, this law is quite complete and binding. However, in the process of international trade, disputes caused by dumping and anti-dumping are common. From 1995 to October 2000 alone, there were 1097 anti-dumping lawsuits filed by WTO members

On March 25th, 1997, China promulgated the anti dumping and countervailing regulations of the people's Republic of China. By the end of 2000, China had made final decisions on three anti-dumping investigations and made preliminary decisions on two cases. The products involved Canada, South Korea, the United States, Russia, Japan, Germany and other countries

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